Describe the Structure of Human Kidney

Structure of Human Kidney


External Structure of Kidney:


  1. i) Kidneys are found attached to dorsal body wall in abdominal cavity.


  1. ii) Kidney is bean shaped and enclosed in fatty membrane called capsule.


iii) The depression in the center is called hilus. It provide a space to renal artery, renal veins and nerves to enter and leave the kidney.


Internal Structure of Kidney:


It consists of three parts:




The outer dark red region is called cortex.




Inner pale red region is called medulla. It consists of 5-7 cone shaped pyramids.


Renal Pelvis:


All pyramids project into a funnel shaped space called renal pelvis. Two tubes called ureters originate from renal pelvis of each kidney and extends to the urinary bladder.


Note: Remember, your main task is to learn words with a generalized meaning that can be used in many situations and instead of more specific synonyms. And also generally accepted, useful, simple, standard words. Use all kinds of memory! Carefully consider the new word (your visual memory is working), listen to it as the speaker (the auditory memory works), say it aloud several times (the articulatory memory is working) and write it (motor memory is working). Associative memory helps you remember how the words you have learned are used in speech and writing, i.e. in the context. To develop associative memory, always learn new words together with learning their meanings and uses in typical phrases and word combinations. This will allow you to use words correctly in speech. It is necessary to repeat new words, so that they pass into long-term memory and remain there.

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