Pakistan witnessed decline in terrorism-linked fatalities: HRCP | Pakistan
The report of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) on Monday reported that the number of deaths related to terrorism continued to decline in the country last year.
In addition, the report entitled "The State of Human Rights in 2017" also mentioned that last year there were about 333,103 cases in the courts of the country. In 2017, the Parliament adopted a total of 34 laws, which declined from 2016, when 51 laws entered into force.
Last year the national census for the first time included the category for hawaj sira or transsexuals. First, the government issued a transgender category passport in June 2017, this step was perceived by the transgender community as an important milestone.
However, the report added that international travel remains particularly problematic for citizens because the Pakistani passport was still considered the second worst passport for a trip to Afghanistan.
Violence against women
. The crimes committed again by women were still high, with about 5,660 cases of violence against women being reported in the first 10 months of 2017.
A total of 274 women were killed in the name of "honor", 206 rape in gangs, 2,840 raped and 681 killed throughout the country.
During the first six months of the year, more than 3,400 women were captured in the province, who were victims of shocking crimes. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province reported a low number of crimes against women with 202 cases between January 1 and June 30, 2017. During the first 10 months of the year, Sind witnessed 1,704 crimes, while during the same period, Balochistan reported 354 cases.
At the same time, 12 million women voters have not yet been registered on the eve of the 2018 general election due to the lack of computerized national women's identification cards (CRI), especially in remote rural areas.
The state of prisons in Pakistan
According to the report, Pakistani prisons held 82,591 prisoners as of November 2017.
However, many of the prisons were still overpopulated. Punjabi prisons contained 50,289 prisoners against 32,235 people; Sind 19 094 against 12 613; Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 10,811 against 8,395, and Baluchistan – 2,397 against 2,585.
The total number of female prisoners was reported at 1,442; of which Punjab held 959, Sind 214, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 247 and Baluchistan 22.
The courts sentenced 253 people, including five women, to 197 different cases.
On the other hand, the Commission for the Investigation of Enforced Disappearances received 868 cases in 2017, of which 555 were liquidated.
Deterioration of health
The report says that Pakistan has invested in the health sector for more than a year, but its progress has been slower than in most other countries, and the prevalence of malnutrition and poor dietary practice.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Pakistan ranks fifth among high-ranking people,
There was a marked increase in the incidence of thalassemia and HIV / AIDS, the report said, adding the same 35.5 % are in countries with a worldwide reputation and account for 61 percent of the burden of tuberculosis in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. m It is reported that in Pakistan, adults in Pakistan suffer from diabetes, and the country has the highest prevalence of hepatitis C in the world, second only to Egypt.
In 2017, Pakistan was able to almost completely contain the endemic poliomyelitis that swept the country, the report said, adding that Afghanistan and Pakistan are the only countries in the world where the polio virus still exists.
Pakistan successfully reduced the total number of cases in 2017 to eight – a reduction of almost 60 percent compared to last year, which reported 19 cases.
Pakistan exhausted water by 2025
The report also expressed concern about the potential impact of climate change on Pakistan's over-saturated water resources.
Pakistan has the world's fourth largest rate of water use and the Pakistan Water Resources Research Council (CDWR) recently issued a strong warning that by 2025 the country will be forced to leave the water.
According to the WHO report, only 36 people per cent of Pakistan's population on average, including 41 per cent in urban areas and 32 per cent in rural areas, have access to safe drinking water in the country
. In addition, average air pollution in major cities in Pakistan is reported to be about four times higher than WHO limits.